A01″Mobility and Universality in the Islamic Economy” will hold a workshop “Islamic Economy in comparisons” with C01 “Analyses of Connectivities by Digital Humanities Methods.”
Date & Time: August 31, 2021, 13:30–15:30
Ayumu KONASUKAWA（National Institutes for the Humanities, Kyoto University/A01）
“Urban nodal wide-area connectivity of the Indus Civilization : money, modes of exchange, and buffer=City in the Pre-‘State’/Pre-Islamic Period”
Commentator: Shinsuke NAGAOKA (Kyoto University/A01)
Venue: Online meeting via Zoom, Open to public/Admission free, Pre-registration is required.
Pre-registration: Please use the form for pre-registration.
Co-organizer: Grant-in-Aid for Transformative Research Areas (A),“Mobility and Universality of Islamic Economy” (Principal Investigator： Shinsuke Nagaoka (Kyoto University); 20H05824) and Grant-in-Aid for Transformative Research Areas (A), “Connectivity Analyses by Digital Humanities Method” (Principal Investigator: Wakako Kumakura (ILCAA); 20H05830)
Contact: Sumito Mizusawa (mizusawa[at]asafas.kyoto-u.ac.jp)
Based on the classification of the Eurasian world into three categories: the center, the periphery and the semi periphery, the workshop discussed the systems of reciprocity and distribution in the territory of the Indus civilization, falling into the category of the semi periphery, mainly through the archeological outcomes. In the first half of the workshop, Dr. Konasukawa showed a theoretical outlook about buffer, which enables the coexistence of two spheres: reciprocity and commodity exchange. On the basis of the outlook, he explained the conditions of the Indus civilization area as a buffer, referring to its differences with Southern Mesopotamia and its spatial boundedness of the cities surrounded by internal cultural spheres. In the second half, characterizing the Indus civilization as a network connected by little villages based on the scales and the degree of dispersion of settlements and the spread of material culture, he mentioned several viewpoints for the relativization in conclusion: the economy of the Indus civilization differs from the Islamic economy in the latter’s deterritorialized characteristic and has similarity that both of them preserve heterogeneous economic spheres.
Dr. Nagaoka, the commentator compared the Islamic economy as a unified system (Islamic law, fusion of reciprocity and commodity exchange) with the economy of the Indus civilization as a dualistic system (the coexistence of urban and rural societies, the separation between reciprocity and commodity exchange) and provided a perspective that both of them seems to have characteristics of “the semi periphery” for relativizing modern capitalism. This workshop had innovative discussion including replies to the two questioners.